|Calleva Atrebatum aerial artist impression.|
It was the site of a Roman town that had been completely abandoned within a hundred-or-so years following the Roman evacuation around the year 410 AD, now under investigation by a team of archaeologists from Reading University. This mysterious desertion raises the question, ‘why was it abandoned? The earliest surviving source from this period, Gildas (‘On the Ruin of Britain’ c. 540AD) gives us a clue. Gildas speaks of a time of great suffering and persecution of the people from invaders, forcing them to flee settlements and coastal areas prone to being raided for the old hill forts that archaeologists confirm were re-occupied in this period.